Description For Snakegourd Seeds
How to grow Snake Gourd from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Snake Gourd has been savoured as a vegetable for thousands of years. This vine plant is native Southeast Asia. It climbs a tree and then unfurls its flowers and fruits towards the ground. Its leaves, tendrils, and leafy parts are used as vegetable greens; the fat meat is used instead of tomatoes in various dishes.
Snake Gourd improves immunity, reduces fever, detoxifies the body, hydrates, treats diabetes, aids digestion and weight loss.
Botanical Name: Trichosanthes cucumerina.
Sowing Season: Throughout the year. Best grown during monsoon.
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly in raised beds or containers.
Growing container: Use big circular pots or grow-bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches.
Growing medium: 2 part garden soil & 1 part any organic manure or 1 part garden soil, 1 part coco-peat & 1 part Vermicompost.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Snake Gourd:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling at one spot, Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
How to take care for Snake Gourd Plant:Sunlight: Snake Gourd plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Snake Gourd container under open sunlight.
Watering technique: Water your potted Snake Gourd plant every day in summer. Water the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Trellis: Snake Gourd is an aggressive climber & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your bitter gourd plant.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic manure can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, Compost or Vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When your Snake Gourd climber is more than 45 days old, Provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) Fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for Powdery Mildew when plants are young.
Note: Snake Gourds have separate Male & female flowers on same plant. Fruits will be formed on female flower after pollination.
Hand pollination of flowers: Take ‘pollens’ from male flowers on painting brush or cotton bud & dust them on ‘stigma’ of female flowers. This will increase overall production of Snake Gourd. This step is not mandatory.
Harvesting: (100-120 days from seed sowing) Snake gourd climber will start flowering at the end of 3rd month. You can start harvesting slender, long Snake Gourd fruits after 3 months of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 18 to 20 Seeds|
|Net Weight||6 gm|
|Seed Rate||5 to 6 Kg/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||100 cm x 100 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing|
|Fertilizer||Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant.|
|Season of Sowing||June - Sept|
|Yield||Well drained medium black soil|
|Product Weight||Under 10 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|