Description For Broad Bean Seeds (Surti Papdi)
How to grow Broad Beans from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Broad beans are also known as Fava beans. Eaten raw, these are flavorful, meaty and provide a dose of fibre, protein, potassium, and vitamin B. This beans variety is rich in Folate, Potassium and Zinc; and are extremely beneficial for health.
Botanical Name: Dolichos lablab
Sowing Season: Throughout the year.
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly in raised beds or containers.
Sowing container: Big sized circular pots or grow bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches
Sowing medium: 2 part garden soil & 1 part any organic manure or 1 part garden soil, 1 part coco peat & 1 part Vermicompost.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Broad Beans Plant:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days & tiny sprouts will be visible.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant.
How to take care for Broad Beans Plant:
Sunlight: French bean plant requires full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the French bean container under open sunlight.
Watering: Water your potted French bean plant every alternate day in winter & every day in summer. Water at the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of a shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Trellis: Surti papdi plant is a bushy Vine & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your Surati Papdi plant.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. organic fertilizer. can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When your French bean plant is more than 45 days old, provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted.
Harvesting: (45 to 50 days from sowing) Surti Papdi will start flowering at second month itself. You can start harvesting fresh Surti Papdi pods after 45-50 on seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for very long time as long as plant survives.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 72 to 80 Seeds in 10 gm, 720 to 800 Seeds in 100 gm, 1800 to 2000 Seeds in 250 gm|
|Net Weight||10 gm to 250 gm|
|Seed Rate||60 to 70 Kg/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||60 cm x 30 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing|
|Fertilizer||Vegetable Mix 5 g Per Plant | Organic - Neemcake or vermicompost 10 g Per Plant|
|Season of Sowing||June - Sept, Feb - May|
|Yield||80 to 90 Qtl / Ha|
|Packing Weight||10 g to 250 g|
|Packing Height||15 cm|
|Packing Width||10 cm|
|Packing Depth||1 cm|