Description For Cauliflower Seeds
How to grow Cauliflower from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Cauliflower is called the world’s healthiest vegetable because it is a rich source of dietary fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, choline, manganese, biotin and phosphorous. It also contains ample of vitamin B1, B2, and B3, the potassium, magnesium, and protein. It is a member of the cruciferous vegetable family- along with broccoli, cabbage, kale, etc.
Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis
Sowing Season: Throughout the year. Best grown in winter.
Sowing method: Transplantation.
Because the seeds are small in size, Cauliflower plant is grown by transplantation method. Seeds are first sown indoors in seedling trays or outdoors on seed beds & later the seedlings are transplanted into the containers or in raised beds.
Sowing container: Seedling trays/ seed cups/ small polybags/ Seed bed.
Sowing medium: Coco Peat (indoors), Fine soil (outdoors)
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Covering: Keep the seed tray in a box or cover it with paper for first 4-5 days to encourage faster seed germination.
Growth stages of Cauliflower Plant:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days & tiny sprouts will be visible. Once seeds germinate, put the tray on an open partially sunny spot near the window. Don’t cover the tray anymore.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant. At this stage exposé the seedlings to more & more sunlight for leaf growth.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling per cell/cup. Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
Transplantation: 21 to 25 days after the seed sowing, your seedlings will be ready to transplant in container pots or raised beds.
Spacing: Plant the seedlings minimum 2 feet apart (60x60 cm), from each other on raised beds or in a container.
How to take care for Cauliflower Plant:Sunlight: Cauliflower grows well under full sunlight in winter. So place your containers accordingly.
Watering: Water your potted Cauliflower plant every alternate day in winter. Water at the soil near the plant. Use a watering can and make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds. Avoid overwatering.
Manuring: Add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before transplanting the seedling. Organic fertilizer can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or Vermicompost.
Top Dressing: Apply balanced liquid fertilizers or handful of vermicompost to each plant, every 15 days after transplantation.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal infection/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for snails & slugs.
Microgreens: If you plan to grow microgreens Cauliflower, grow it indoors in flat containers. Sow-scatter the seeds in a crowded manner. You can harvest it in 10-15 days by uprooting baby plants.
Harvesting: (110-120 days from seed sowing) 85 to 90 days after transplantation, ‘Cauliflower heads’ will be ready to harvest. You can get single Cauliflower per plant. Harvest the Cauliflower when it is full sized, firm & solid.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 100 to 112 Seeds in 400 mg, 6345 to 7050 Seeds in 25 gm, 25380 to 28200 Seeds in 100 gm, 63450 to 70500 Seeds in 250 gm.|
|Net Weight||400 mg to 250 g|
|Seed Rate||600 to 700 g/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||60 cm x 30 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing|
|Fertilizer||"Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant."|
|Season of Sowing||All year Round|
|Yield||15 to 20 ton/Ha|
|Packing Weight||Under 10 g to 250 g|
|Packing Height||15 cm|
|Packing Width||10 cm|
|Packing Depth||1 cm|