Description For French Bean Seeds
How to grow French beans from SeedsIntroduction and Uses: French beans are cultivated for its delicious seeds that add both flavour and protein to the diet. It is an ancient crop which can fix nitrogen from the air and form a symbiotic relationship with the bacteria in its root nodules. This is the primary reason French beans is high in protein and is widely known as the ‘meat of the poor’. The impressive veggie showcases a diverse range of colors, textures and taste.
Botanical Name: Phaseolus vulgaris.
Sowing Season: Throughout the year.
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly in raised beds or containers.
Growing container: Big sized circular pots or grow bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches
Growing medium: 2 part garden soil & 1 part any organic manure or 1 part garden soil, 1 part Coco Peat & 1 part Vermicompost.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of French Beans:Sprouting stage:Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days & tiny sprouts will be visible.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling at one spot, cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
How to take care for Celery Plant:Sunlight: French bean plant requires full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the French bean container under open sunlight.
Watering technique: Water your potted French bean plant every alternate day in winter & every day in summer. Water at the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of a shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic fertilizer can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When your French bean plant is more than 45 days old, provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal infection/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted.
Harvesting: (45 to 50 days from sowing). French bean plant will start flowering in the second month. You can start harvesting fresh pods after 45 to 50 days of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next three months.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 72 to 80 Seeds in 16 gm, 450 to 500 Seeds in 100 gm, 1125 to 1250 Seeds in 250 gm.|
|Net Weight||16 gm to 250 gm|
|Seed Rate||40 to 50 Kg/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||60 cm x 30 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing.|
|Fertilizer||Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant.|
|Season of Sowing||June - Sept, Feb - May|
|Yield||50 to 100 Qtl/Ha|
|Product Weight||23 g to 250 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|