Description For Indian Round Gourd Seeds (Tinda)
How to grow Indian Round Gourd (Tinda) from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Indian Round Gourd is also known as Indian Squash, Round Melon or Apple Gourd. It belongs to the cucurbit family. With approximately 94% of the water content and very few calories, it is known for soothing the digestive system. This water-rich vegetable also contains antioxidants like carotenoids and anti-inflammatory agents, which effectively control blood pressure, heart diseases and cardiac strokes. It might also prevent cancer formation.
Botanical Name: Praecitrullus fistulosus
Sowing Season: Monsoon & best grown in summer
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly on raised beds or in containers.
Sowing container: Use big circular pots or grow bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches.
Sowing medium: 2 part garden soil & 1 part any Organic Manure or 1 part garden soil, 1 part Coco Peat & 1 part Vermicompost.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Indian Round Gourd (Tinda) Plant:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling at one spot, Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
How to take care for Indian Round Gourd (Tinda) Plant:Sunlight: Indian Round Gourd plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Indian Round Gourd container under open sunlight.
Watering: Water your potted Indian Round Gourd plant every day in summer. Water the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Trellis: Indian Round gourd is an aggressive climber & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your Indian Round gourd plant. Read about trellis support ideas.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic manure can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When your Indian Round gourd climber is more than 45 days old, provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) Fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for Powdery Mildew when plants are young. Read about types of insect pests in your garden.
Hand pollination of flowers: Take ‘pollens’ from male flowers on painting brush or cotton bud & dust them on ‘stigma’ of female flowers. This will increase overall production of Indian Round Gourd. This step is not mandatory.
Note: Indian Round Gourds have separate Male & female flowers on same plant. Fruits will be formed on female flower after pollination.
Harvesting: (80 to 90 days from sowing.) Indian Round gourd climber will start flowering at the end of 3rd month. You can start harvesting ripe Indian Round gourd fruits after 3 months of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.
|Seed Rate||3 to 4 Kg/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||90 cm x 60 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing|
|Fertilizer||Vegetable Mix 5 g Per Plant | Organic - Neemcake or vermicompost 10 g Per Plant|
|Season of Sowing||Feb - May|
|Yield||8 to 10 ton / Ha|
|Product Weight||10 g to 250 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|