Summer flowers in India

Ornamental Gardening
// March 7, 2017
summer flowering plants

Summer may not be such a pleasant time for us, but there are so many plants that bloom wonderfully in scorching heat & direct sunlight of Indian summer. These are seasonal flowering plants that are herbaceous in nature. Summer annuals are known for their bright coloured spectacular flowers, excellent for pot gardens & flower beds. Seed sowing grows most of these plants in seedling trays & later they are transplanted outdoors.

Following are top 10 summer flowering annuals in India:

1. Balsam:

This pretty annual variety is an attraction for children. It blooms in a variety of shades of white, violet purple, rose pink, red & mauve, single & double.

  • Height: 22 to 60 cm
  • Spacing for Balsam plants: 8 x 8 inches
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 6-8 weeks

touch me not plant

2. Cosmos:

Feathery, light, soft foliage, star-like flowers, the most attractive feature of the plant is its delicacy & smooth texture. It flowers in white, shades of pink rose, and mauve. Its Orange coloured variety is the most popular.

  • Height of Cosmos: 50 to 120 cm
  • Spacing of Cosmos plants: 1.5 x 1.5 ft
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 8 weeks

cosmos flower

3. Gaillardia:

Very long blooming period of about four months. Common varieties are a combination of yellow & brown red colour.

  • Height of Gaillardia: 40-45 cm
  • Spacing of Gaillardia plants: 1.5 x 1.5 ft
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 12 weeks

gaillardia flower

4. Gomphrena:

A popular ‘everlasting’ flower, easy to grow, produces a mass of small globular flowers. Typical colour is purple. Others include orange, pink & off white.

  • Height of Gomphrena: 45 cm
  • Spacing of Gomphrena plants: 1 x 1 ft
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 10-12 weeks

bachelor buttons

5. Portulaca:

Called as 10 O’clock flower, it opens when the sunshine is bright by office time & closes as offices close by the evening. Most Gorgeous colours of yellow, scarlet, crimson, rose, pink, magenta single & double.

  • Height of Portulaca: 15 cm
  • The spacing of Portulaca plants: 4 x 4 inches
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 8-10 weeks

portulaca flower

6. French marigold:

Trendy, comfortable to grow, excellent cut flower, very efficient as carpet & edging plants. Colours are yellow, orange, lemon dark brown & combinations of these shades.

  • Height of Marigold: 15-20 cm
  • The spacing of Marigold plants: 6 x 6 inches
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 8 weeks

zendu flower

7. Nasturtium

Excellent for rockery & covering wasteland, plant loves poor soil. Suitable for hanging baskets also. Flowers are yellow, orange, maroon, scarlet, single & double.

  • Height of Nasturtium: 20-30 cm
  • The spacing of Nasturtium plants: 8 x 8 inches
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 10-12 weeks

nasturtium flower

8. Sunflower:

A very distinctive & attractive plant, as flower heads stand out uniformly much above the foliage in one direction. Iconic bright yellow colour with a black centre.

  • Height of Sunflower: 1- 1.5 m
  • Spacing of Sunflower plants: 2 x 2 ft
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 8-10 weeks

sunflower

9.Verbena:

A beautiful perennial with a large compact head of flowers on tall, bushy plants. Flowers are white, crimson, purple, magenta, blue in single colour or contrasting with white centres.

  • Height of Verbena: 25-30 cm
  • The spacing of Verbena plants:  8 x 8 inches
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 10-12 weeks

verbena flower

10. Zinnia:

Very easy to grow, exquisite for borders, pots, blooms for an extended period. Flowers of various colours- white, rust, dark brown, maroon, copper red, yellow, available in single and double.

  • Height of Zinnia: 1 m
  • The spacing of Zinnia plants:  1.5 x 1.5 ft
  • The time required for blooming after seed sowing: 6-8 weeks

zinnia flower

You may want to explore top 10 tips on developing beautiful flowerbeds.

Click here to buy seeds of summer flowering annuals online in India.

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