Description For Bottlegourd Seeds (Long)
How to grow Bottlegourd from SeedsIntroduction and Uses: Bottle Gourd also known as Lauki / Doodhi is one of the healthiest vegetables you can have in your vegetable garden. It contains about 92% of water and minerals that have the potential to keep your body hydrated. Not only this, the amazing veggie contains vitamins C, K and calcium. It also helps to maintain a healthy heart, bring down cholesterol, stabilise blood sugar and maintain blood pressure.
Botanical Name: Lagenaria siceraria.
Sowing Season: Monsoon & Summer
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly in raised beds or containers.
Growing container: Use big circular pots or grow bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches.
Growing medium: 1 part Garden Soil + 1 part Coco Peat + 1 part Vermicompost Or 2 part Garden Soil + 1 part Organic Manure.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Bottlegourd Seed:
How to take care for bottlegourd plant:Sunlight: Bottle Gourd plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Bottle Gourd container under open sunlight.
Watering technique: Water your potted Bottle Gourd plant every day in summer. Water the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Trellis: Bottle Gourd is an aggressive climber & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your Bottle Gourd plant.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic manure can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, Compost or Vermicompost.
Top dressing: When your Bottle Gourd climber is more than 45 days old, Provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) Fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant. Buy fertilizers online.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for Powdery Mildew when plants are young.
Note: Bottle Gourds have separate Male & female flowers on same plant. Fruits will be formed on female flower after pollination.
Hand pollination of flowers: Take ‘pollens’ from male flowers on painting brush or cotton bud & dust them on ‘stigma’ of female flowers. This will increase overall production of Bitter Gourd. This step is not mandatory.
Harvesting: ( 50-60 days) Bottle gourd climber will start flowering at the end of second month. You can start harvesting raw Bottle Gourd fruits after 2 months of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 54 to 60 Seeds in 10 gm, 135 to 150 Seeds in 25 gm, 540 to 600 Seeds in 100 gm, 1350 to 1500 Seeds in 250 gm.|
|Net Weight||10 gm to 250 gm|
|Seed Rate||1.5 to 2 Kg/Acre|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||100 cm x 100 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing.|
|Fertilizer||Vegetable Mix 5 g Per Plant | Organic - Neemcake or vermicompost 10 g Per Plant|
|Season of Sowing||June - Sept, Feb - May|
|Yield||18 to 20 ton /Acre|
|Product Weight||10 g to 250 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|