Description For Okra Seeds (Lady Finger)
How to grow Okra (Lady Finger) from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Also known as the ladies' fingers, ochre or gumbo, this flowering plant belongs to the Malvaceae family. This finger-shaped fruit is fancied for its edible green seed pods.
Botanical Name: Abelmoschus esculentus
Sowing Season: Throughout the year. Best grown in monsoon.
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly in raised beds or containers.
Sowing container: Use regular circular pots or grow bag with 14-16 inch diameter and a minimum depth of 12 inches.
Sowing medium: 2 part garden soil & 1 part any Organic Manure or 1 part garden soil, 1 part Coco Peat & 1 part Vermicompost.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Okra (Lady Finger) Plant:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible.
Cotyledons: The first 2 leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single and healthy seedling at one spot, cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
How to take care for Okra (Lady Finger) Plant:Sunlight: Okra plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Okra container under open sunlight.
Watering: Water your potted Okra plant every day in summer & every alternate day in winter. Water at the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of a shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic fertilizer can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When your Okra plant is more than 45 days old, Provide 1 tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted.
Harvesting: Okra plant will start flowering at the beginning of the 2nd month; raw Okra pods can be harvested within 40-50 days from the sowing of seeds & harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 162 to 180 Seeds in 10 gm, 1620 to 1800 Seeds in 100 gm, 4050 to 4500 Seeds in 250 gm|
|Net Weight||10 gm to 250 gm|
|Seed Rate||8 to 10 Kg/ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||60 cm x 45 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing|
|Fertilizer||Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant.|
|Season of Sowing||All year Round|
|Yield||80 to 120 Qtl/Ha|
|Product Weight||16 g to 250 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|