Description For Red Onion Seeds
How to grow Red Onion from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Indian Cuisines are incomplete with Onion. It is used to thicken the gravies. Onions add flavor to the dishes without increasing their calorie content. Most of the onion cultivars constitute of 89% water, 1% protein, 4% sugar, 2% fibre and 0.1% fat. Red Onion is used particularly in salads to add a tinge of red color to the green palette.
Botanical Name: Allium cepa
Sowing Season: Throughout the year. Best grown in winter.
Sowing method: Transplantation
Because the seeds are small in size, Red Onion plant is grown by transplantation method. Seeds are first sown indoors in seedling trays or outdoors on seed beds & later the seedlings are transplanted into the containers or in raised beds.
Sowing container: Seedling trays/ seed cups/ small polybags/ Seed bed.
Sowing medium: Coco Peat (indoors), Fine soil(outdoors)
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Covering: Keep the seed tray in a box or cover it with paper for first 4-5 days to encourage faster seed germination.
Growth stages of Red Onion Plant:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days & tiny sprouts will be visible. Once seeds germinate, put the tray on an open partially sunny spot near the window. Don’t cover the tray anymore.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant. At this stage exposé the seedlings to more & more sunlight for leaf growth.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling per cell/cup. Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
Transplantation: 30 to 35 days after the seed sowing, your seedlings will be ready to transplant in container pots or raised beds.
Spacing: Plant the seedlings minimum 6x6 inches from each other on raised beds or in a container.
How to take care for Red Onion Plant:Sunlight: Red Onion grows well under full sunlight in winter. So place your containers accordingly.
Watering: Water your potted Red Onion plant every alternate day in winter. Water at the soil near the plant. Use a watering can and make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds. Avoid overwatering.
Note: Stop watering Onion plants 2 weeks before harvesting when leaves start to turn yellow.
Manuring: Add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before transplanting the seedling. Organic fertilizer can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or Vermicompost.
Top Dressing: Apply balanced liquid fertilizers or handful of vermicompost to each plant, every 15 days after transplantation.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for snails & slugs.
Harvesting: (130-150 days from seed sowing) 100 to 110 days after transplantation, Onion bulbs will be ready to harvest. Uproot the onion bulbs & let them Sundry on field for a week before storing them.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 1105 to 1228 Seeds in 4 gm, 6907 to 7675 Seeds in 25 gm, 27630 to 30700 Seeds in 100 gm, 69075 to 76750 Seeds in 250 gm.|
|Net Weight||4 gm to 250 gm|
|Seed Rate||7 to 8 Kg/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||15 cm x 7 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing.|
|Fertilizer||Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant.|
|Season of Sowing||All year Round|
|Yield||150 to 200 Qtl/Ha|
|Product Weight||Under 10 g to 25 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|