Description For Ridge Gourd Seeds
How to grow Ridge Gourd from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Ridge Gourd is extremely high in dietary fibre and vital vitamins and minerals like vitamin C, Zinc, Iron, Magnesium, Thiamin and Riboflavin. It aids in weight loss as it is pretty low in saturated fat, calories and cholesterol. This different looking vegetable also contains Peptides and Alkaloids that help in regulating the sugar levels in blood and urine.
Botanical Name: Luffa
Sowing Season: Monsoon & best grown in summer.
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly on raised beds or in containers.
Sowing container: Use big circular pots or grow bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches.
Sowing medium: 2 part garden soil & 1 part any Organic Manure or 1 part garden soil, 1 part Coco Peat & 1 part Vermicompost.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Ridge Gourd Plant:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling at one spot, Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
How to take care for Ridge Gourd Plant:Sunlight: Ridge Gourd plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Ridge Gourd container under open sunlight.
Watering: Water your potted Ridge Gourd plant every day in summer. Water the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Trellis: Ridge gourd is an aggressive climber & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your Ridge gourd plant. Read about trellis support ideas.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic manure can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When the Ridge gourd climber is more than 45 days old, provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) Fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal infection/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for Powdery Mildew when plants are young.
Hand pollination of flowers: Take ‘pollens’ from male flowers on painting brush or cotton bud & dust them on ‘stigma’ of female flowers. This will increase overall production of Ridge Gourd. This step is not mandatory.
Note: Ridge Gourds have separate Male & female flowers on same plant. Fruits will be formed on female flower after pollination.
Harvesting: (80 to 90 days from sowing.) Ridge gourd climber will start flowering at the end of 3rd month. You can start harvesting ripe Ridge gourd fruits after 3 months of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 18 to 20 Seeds in 2.4 gm, 157 to 175 Seeds in 25 gm, 630 to 700 Seeds in 100 gm, 1575 to 1750 Seeds in 250 gm.|
|Net Weight||2.4 gm to 250 gm|
|Seed Rate||4 Kg/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||150 cm x 120 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing|
|Fertilizer||"Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant."|
|Season of Sowing||All year Round|
|Yield||15 to 16 ton/Ha|
|Packing Weight||10 g to 250 g|
|Packing Height||15 cm|
|Packing Width||10 cm|
|Packing Depth||1 cm|