Description For Bittergourd Seeds (Green Long)
How to grow Bittergourd from SeedsIntroduction and Uses: Bitter Gourd also known as Karela / Bitter melon. It is a unique vegetable that can is used for both culinary and medicinal purposes. This oblong shaped vine variety showcases a warty exterior with its size, texture and has a bitter taste.
It is rich in minerals and vitamins. The fruit contains anti-diabetic properties, charantin, which might have a blood glucose-lowering effect, vicine and polypeptide-p an insulin-like compound. These features work to help reduce blood sugar levels. It also contains the lectin that reduces blood glucose and is thought to be a major factor behind the hypoglycemic effect that develops after eating bitter melon.
Botanical Name: Momordica charantia.
Sowing Season: Monsoon & Summer
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly in raised beds or containers.
Growing container: Use big circular pots or grow bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches.
Growing medium: 1 part Garden Soil + 1 part Coco Peat + 1 part Vermicompost Or 2 part Garden Soil + 1 part Organic Manure.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Bittergourd Seed:
How to take care for bittergourd plant:Sunlight: Bitter Gourd plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Bitter Gourd container under open sunlight.
Watering technique: Water your potted Bitter Gourd plant every day in summer. Water the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Trellis: Bittergourd is an aggressive climber & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your bitter gourd plant.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic manure can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, Compost or Vermicompost.
Top dressing: When your Bittergourd climber is more than 45 days old, Provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) Fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for Powdery Mildew when plants are young.
Note: Bitter Gourds have separate Male & female flowers on same plant. Fruits will be formed on female flower after pollination.
Hand pollination of flowers: Take ‘pollens’ from male flowers on painting brush or cotton bud & dust them on ‘stigma’ of female flowers. This will increase overall production of Bitter Gourd. This step is not mandatory. Read about types of insect pests in your garden.
Harvesting: (60 days) Bittergourd climber will start flowering at the end of second month. You can start harvesting raw bitter gourd fruits after 2 months of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 43 to 48 seeds in 8 gm,135 to 150 seeds in 25 gm, 540 to 600 seeds in 100 gm, 1350 to 1500 seeds in 250 gm.|
|Net Weight||8 gm to 250 gm|
|Seed Rate||4 to 5 Kg/ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||150 cm x 100 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing.|
|Fertilizer||Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant.|
|Season of Sowing||June - July, Jan - Feb|
|Yield||10 to 12 Qtl/Acre|
|Product Weight||Under 10 g to 250 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|