5 Farming Techniques to Save Mother Earth:
1. Sustainable agriculture:
Agriculture should be a self-sustainable system, that should not collapse in the absence of external inputs. Farmland, crops, farmyard animals and all the renewable and nonrenewable energy sources should be used within the farming system by maintaining ecological and economical equilibrium.
Sustainable agriculture focuses on conserving natural resources, recycling of farmyard products, conservation of water, soil, land and energy at the same time keeping the farm economically viable. The idea is to keep the agriculture land least dependent on outside resources and to develop a farming system that has no negative impact on the environment.
You may want to read more about sustainable agriculture: the art of smart agriculture.
2. Organic farming:
This is the most popular and widely accepted sustainable farming method in agriculture. Humans have been into organic farming for thousands of years. The modern day organic farming has resurfaced in last few decades for good. Hazardous effects of so-called green revolution and chemical farming on human health and environment are not a hidden fact anymore.
In organic farming any chemical fertilizers, pesticides are not used. Instead, organic fertilizers like cow dung manure, bio compost, vermi compost, leaf mould, farmyard manure, etc. are used. Organically grown food and vegetables are much superior, healthier and totally safe to consume.
Click here to buy organic manure online in India.
3. Natural farming:
This is the next step to organic farming, where the entire farming system runs according to the rules of mother nature. In natural farming, there are no fertilizers (not even organic), no chemicals, no pesticides. The focus is more on enriching soil microflora by mulching the entire farmland by organic material and introducing various homemade cultures obtained from cow dung and cow urine.
Natural farming is picking up in India and another part of the world for all kinds of crops. There are different variations of natural farming like zero-budget farming, ecological farming, spiritual farming, etc. Various homemade, natural pest control remedies are used in Natural farming methods. Read more about natural pest control methods.
The most ignored part in agriculture is the health of the soil. Because of chemical farming, the agriculture soil has become lifeless. Biofertilizers are the type of substances that have living microorganism that is beneficial to the growth of seeds and plants. Bio-fertilizers add nutrients in soil through the natural processes of nitrogen fixation, solubilizing phosphorus, and stimulating plant growth through the synthesis of growth-promoting substances. Bio-fertilizers can be expected to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Biofertilizers are mostly cultures of bacteria along with fungi and blue, green algae. These are extremely suitable for cultivation of grains, pulses, fruits and vegetables.
5. Biological pest control:
In all the farming systems mentioned above, it is important to incorporate biological pest control methods and use of natural enemies of pests in farmland. Natural predator snake hunting on notorious pests like rats is a classic example of biocontrol method. All the pests and diseases of crops have their natural predators, competitors parasitoids, and pathogens bacteria, fungi and viruses. It is our job to introduce these natural enemies of pests in our farming systems and create a conducive climate or an agroecosystem for their naturalisation in farmland.
Earth rejoices our words, breathing and peaceful steps. Let every breath, every word and every step make the mother earth proud of us.