National Plants of India

National Plants of India

Table of Contents

The Republic of India has several national symbols. Many of these symbols signify the value of natural treasure that this great nation possesses. In this blog let’s cast more light on the three national plants of India, viz. the national tree, flower & fruit of India.

3 National Plants of India

1. National tree of India: The Banyan Tree

Scientific name: Ficus Benghalensis
Family: Moraceae

"To study a Banyan tree, you not only must know its main stem in its soil but also trace the growth of its greatness in the further soil. For then you can know the true nature of its vitality." – Rabindranath Tagore

banyan roots
Banyan is a huge tree (20 m tall) with an enormous crown of foliage occupying a large area; many aerial roots originating from branches reach the ground giving the impression of several trees planted side by side & jointed at the top. A large number of birds are attracted during the fruiting season.

banyan tree
The tree is suited for planting in a large park as a specimen plant, or along national highways for cool shade. The plant is propagated by planting woody stem cuttings during the rainy season.

national tree of india
Interesting fact: One of the largest specimens, the Great Banyan is found in Kolkata. It is more than 250 years old. The area occupied by this single tree is about 4 acres.



2. National flower of India: Lotus

Family: Nelumbonaceae

"One who performs his duty without attachment, surrendering the results unto the Supreme Lord, is unaffected by sinful action, as the lotus is untouched by water." – Bhagavad-Gita

national flower of india
Lotus flowers are pink, tipped rose or white, 30 cm across & overtopping with floating leaves. The flowering spectacle happens during the summer. Propagation of lotus plant is by cutting of rhizomatous stems(bulbs), or the runners. It can be grown by germinating seeds in seed-pans. Newly propagated plants should not be planted in the deep water.

Pink lotus
Interesting fact: Lotus seeds have the ability to remain viable for over thousand years. In 1994, a seed from a divine lotus, dated 1,300 years back was successfully germinated.

Lotus seeds

3. National fruit of India: Mango

Scientific name: Mangifera indica
Family: Anacardiaceae  

"Wisdom is in yourself, just like sweet ripe mango is already in a young green one." –Ajahn Chah

green mangoes on tree

Mango is the most significant fruit in India having socio-economic significance. It is known as the king of fruits owing to the delicious quality of fruit rich in vitamins and minerals. Ancient Indian valued mango not only for its sentiment or religious consideration, but they realised its importance in the economic and cultural life of the society. There are more than 100 known varieties of mango in India.

national fruit of india
Interesting fact: In the sixteenth century, The Mughal emperor Akbar is said to have planted a mango orchard having 100,000 trees in Darbhanga, Eastern India. 


Also Read: Developing a Fruit Tree Orchard

Mango orchard

Also Read: Growing Mango Tree

Happy Independence Day!