Botanical gardens are meant for research as well as recreation. In botanical gardens, all kinds of plant species are maintained for the benefit of students of botany, researchers, and the general public. These plantations are designed in such a way that they serve the purpose of the public park too. Botanical gardens in India are usually maintained by research institutes, universities, and other agencies.
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Let's have a look at some of the important botanical gardens of India:
1. Lalbagh Botanical Gardens, Bangalore:
The area of the garden is 50 hectares. The initial layout of the garden started in the 1760s by Hyder Ali. Possibly the most attractive feature of the garden is the large glasshouse where the annual flower shows are held. The tall and majestic-looking Christmas trees are a sight to behold. The landscaping features here are something that you cannot miss. Know about the gardens that will heal your soul.
2. Government Botanical Gardens, Ooty:
This garden is situated at an altitude of 2,200 mt above sea level in the Nilgiri hills. It started functioning in 1848 and covers an area of 20 hectares in ascending terraces. This garden is a pioneer in introducing vegetables, spices, condiments, and aromatic plants in India; including Cinchona and different rare Eucalyptus species. Learn about terrace gardening in India.
3. TNAU Botanical Garden, Coimbatore:
The botanical garden is situated on the campus of Tamil Nadu Agriculture University against the background of bluish-green hill ranges. It was established in 1908 by the department of agriculture, Madras. The layout of this garden is harmony between formal and informal designs. The sunken garden is the most interesting feature along with an extensive collection of plants.
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4. The Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Kolkata:
This fantastic garden was established in 1787 on 150 hectares of land. It ranks among the great botanical gardens of the world and is the seat of a Botanical Survey of India. This garden has the unique privilege of having famous botanists, scientists, and taxonomists as its superintendents.
The garden has thousands of trees and shrubs in the open, representing more than 2,500 species. The feature which attracts the most visitors is The great Banyan tree, which is more than a 250-year-old tree that occupies about 4 acres.
5. The Agri Horticulture Society of India, Alipore, Kolkata:
It is possibly the oldest horticultural society in India. The garden on the present site was established in 1872. It is a well-laid-out garden and a large nursery for the propagation of ornamental plants. The society has the greatest collection of trees, shrubs and creepers including some hybrids developed in this garden by famous horticulturist, S. Percy Lancaster.
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6. Lloyd's Botanical Garden, Darjeeling:
This garden of 24 hectares is established in 1878 and is situated at an altitude of about 2,100 mt in the midsts of the Himalayas. It is one of the most picturesque botanical gardens in India.The garden has about 1,800 exotic botanical species of temperate regions, including ‘Living fossil tree; and Ginkgo biloba, the plants belonging to the prehistoric age.
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7. National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow:
Laid out by Nawab Saadat Ali Khan, it is popularly known as Sikandar Bagh. The present area of the garden is 27 hectares. The gardens with fine lawns, rose gardens, conservatory, cactus house, and lily pools are very well maintained. The technique of dry flower arrangements was developed by this garden which has earned it a wide acclaim.
8. Botanical Garden of Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun:
The botanical garden occupies about 10 hectares in this 500-hectares forest research institutes east. The garden was started in 1934 at an altitude of 663 m. It has played an important role in the introduction of forest trees, ornamental and other economic plants, and the indigenous flora of India. The collection of water plants is also pleasing.
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You may want to read more about ‘10 gardens around the world you must visit
Have you visited any of these gardens? Let us know in the comments section below.
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