Description For Snakegourd Seeds
How to grow Snake Gourd from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Snake Gourd has been savoured as a vegetable for thousands of years. This vine plant is native Southeast Asia. It climbs a tree and then unfurls its flowers and fruits towards the ground. Its leaves, tendrils, and leafy parts are used as vegetable greens; the fat meat is used instead of tomatoes in various dishes.
Snake Gourd improves immunity, reduces fever, detoxifies the body, hydrates, treats diabetes, aids digestion and weight loss.
Botanical Name: Trichosanthes cucumerina.
Sowing Season: Throughout the year. Best grown during monsoon.
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly in raised beds or containers.
Growing container: Use big circular pots or grow bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches.
Growing medium: 2 part garden soil & 1 part any Organic Manure or 1 part garden soil, 1 part Coco Peat & 1 part Vermicompost.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Snake Gourd:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling at one spot, Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
How to take care for Snake Gourd Plant:Sunlight: Snake Gourd plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Snake Gourd container under open sunlight.
Watering technique: Water your potted Snake Gourd plant every day in summer. Water the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of the shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Trellis: Snake Gourd is an aggressive climber & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your bitter gourd plant. Read about trellis support ideas.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. Organic manure can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, Compost or Vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When your Snake Gourd climber is more than 45 days old, Provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) fertilizers per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted. Watch out for Powdery Mildew when plants are young. Read about types of insect pests in your garden.
Note: Snake Gourds have separate Male & female flowers on same plant. Fruits will be formed on female flower after pollination.
Hand pollination of flowers: Take ‘pollens’ from male flowers on painting brush or cotton bud & dust them on ‘stigma’ of female flowers. This will increase overall production of Snake Gourd. This step is not mandatory.
Harvesting: (100-120 days from seed sowing) Snake gourd climber will start flowering at the end of 3rd month. You can start harvesting slender, long Snake Gourd fruits after 3 months of seed sowing. Harvesting season can continue for next 3 months.
|No.of Seeds||Approx. 18 to 20 Seeds|
|Net Weight||6 gm|
|Seed Rate||5 to 6 Kg/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||100 cm x 100 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing|
|Fertilizer||Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant.|
|Season of Sowing||June - Sept|
|Yield||Well drained medium black soil|
|Product Weight||Under 10 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|