Description For Tomato Seeds
How to grow Tomato from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Tomato is a super vegetable with a powerhouse of nutritional benefits. Used extensively in preparing curries and authentic dishes, this amazing veggie is known to improve eyesight, stomach health, regulate blood pressure, as well as relieve diabetes, skin and urinary tract infections.
Botanical Name: Solanum lycopersicum
Sowing Season: Throughout the year
Sowing method: Transplantation
Because the seeds are small, Tomato plant is grown by transplantation method. Seeds are first sown indoors in seedling trays or outdoors on seed beds. Later the seedlings are transplanted into containers or in raised beds.
First harvest: 10 to 12 weeks
Growing container: Seedling trays/ seed cups/ small polybags/ Seed bed.
Growing medium: Coco Peat (Indoors), Fine soil (Outdoors)
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Covering: Keep the seed tray in a box or cover it with paper for first 4-5 days to encourage faster seed germination.
Growth stages of Tomato Plant:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days or so & tiny sprouts will be visible. Once seeds germinate, put the tray in an open partially sunny spot near the window. Don’t cover the tray anymore.
Cotyledons: The early two leaves will emerge from the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week. These are tomato's original compound leaves.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant. At this stage exposé the seedlings to more & more sunlight for leaf growth.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling per cell/cup. Cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
Spacing: Plant the seedlings minimum 2 feet apart (60x60 or 60x45 cm) from each other on raised beds. Plant only single seedling at the centre of a single regular 8-12 inch pot.
How to take care for Tomato Plant:
Sunlight: Tomato plants require full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the potted tomato plant in sunlight.
Watering technique: Water your potted tomato plant every day in summer & every other day in winter. Water at the soil near the plant. Use a watering can and make sure that the plants get water in the form of a shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds. Avoid overwatering.
Manuring: Add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before transplanting the seedling. organic fertilizer can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When your vegetable plants are more than 45 days old, Provide 1 tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) Fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted.
Trellis: Tomato is a weak trailing plant that requires the support of a trellis, particularly at fruiting stage. Use locally available material like bamboo, wood sticks, wires, tapes, ropes to make trellis of your own. Read about trellis support ideas.
Pinching: Pinch off the unwanted extra side suckers (shoot buds) that develop on the main stems & keep the number of growing branches limited for better yield & bigger tomatoes. Also pinch off any diseased leaves & branches immediately.
Harvesting: Tomato plant will start flowering at the end of 3rd month. Tomatoes can be harvested three months from the sowing of seeds & the harvesting season can continue for next three months or more.
|No.of Seeds||Approx.185 to 206 Seeds in 600 mg, 7695 to 8550 Seeds in 25 gm, 30780 to 34200 Seeds in 100 gm, 76950 to 85500 Seeds in 250 gm.|
|Net Weight||600 mg to 250 g|
|Seed Rate||250 to 300 g/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||60 cm x 45 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing.|
|Fertilizer||Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant.|
|Season of Sowing||All year Round|
|Yield||20 to 25 ton/Ha|
|Product Weight||Under 10 g to 250 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|