Description For Val Seeds (Pawata)
How to grow Val (Pawata) from Seeds:Introduction and Uses: Also known as Lima Beans, Vaal is a great source of fibre and proteins. Research has revealed that consumption of Lima Beans could help in controlling diabetes, maintaining blood pressure and cholesterol. These veggies are a great source of molybdenum too. Molybdenum in various supplement forms is used as an anti-inflammatory agent and for the treatment of copper toxicosis.
Botanical Name: Dolichos lablab
Sowing Season: Throughout the year.
Sowing method: Seeds are sown directly in raised beds or containers.
Sowing container: Big sized circular pots or grow bag with 16” diameter and minimum depth of 8-10 inches.
Sowing medium: 2 part garden soil & 1 part any organic manure or 1 part garden soil, 1 part coco peat & 1 part Vermicompost.
Steps for seed sowing (Seed starting) in a container:
Growth stages of Val (Pawata) Plant:Sprouting Stage: Seeds will germinate within first 6-8 days & tiny sprouts will be visible.
Cotyledons: The first two leaves will emerge in the second week of germination. These are false leaves called as cotyledons.
First leaves: First leaves will emerge above cotyledons at the end of the second week.
Seedling stage: Second week onwards, seedlings will start growing into a small plant.
Thinning: After the second week, keep only single seedling at one spot, cut off the weak, small & lagging seedlings with a pair of scissors.
How to take care for Val (Pawata) Plant:Sunlight: Val (Pawata) plant requires full sunlight. Therefore your raised bed should be made at a bright sunny spot. Keep the Val container under open sunlight.
Watering: Water your potted Val (Pawata) plant every alternate day in winter & every day in summer. Water at the soil near the plant. Use a watering can to make sure that the plants get water in the form of a shower & not by a single flow. You can also make provision for watering by drip irrigation system for your raised beds.
Trellis: Val plant is a bushy vine & needs plenty of space to grow. So develop a strong trellis support up to height of 5-6 ft, by using locally available material like pipes, bamboo, ropes, wires etc. for your Val plant. Read about trellis support ideas.
Manuring: As mentioned earlier, add good quality organic manure in the soil with 2:1 ratio before sowing seeds. organic fertilizer can be well rotten cow dung manure, farmyard manure, compost or vermicompost.
Top Dressing: When your Val plant is more than 45 days old, provide one tablespoon of 15:15:15 (NPK) fertilizer per plant or mix handful of Vermicompost in the soil around each plant.
Plant care: Always look for the early signs of any insect/fungal infection/ any other infections. Spray appropriate medicines as soon as any symptoms of such diseases are spotted.
Harvesting: (60 to 70 days from sowing) Vaal plant will start flowering at the end of 2nd month. You can start harvesting fresh Vaal pods after 2 months of seed sowing. Harvesting can be done either for Pods or for beans. Harvesting can continue for very long time, as long as plant survives.
|Net Weight||10 gm|
|Seed Rate||10 to 15 Kg/Ha|
|Spacing (Row to Row X Plant to Plant)||90 cm x 90 cm|
|Germination Time||6 to 8 days from sowing|
|Fertilizer||"Organic: Neemcake or Vermicompost - 10 g per plant. Chemicals: Suphala or Urea - 5 g per plant."|
|Season of Sowing||All year Round|
|Yield||80 to 100 Qtl/Ha|
|Product Weight||Under 10 g|
|Product Height||15 cm|
|Product Width||10 cm|
|Product Depth||1 cm|