Following are three essential ingredients of universal pot mixture that can be used to grow all kinds of houseplants in regular pots:
- Garden soil: The Ideal garden soil is porous, with medium particle size, it has good drainage; it has better water holding capacity & a good amount of humus content. This soil is called loamy soil, regardless of its color. Loamy soil is a mixture of equal amount of sandy soil & clay soil. Such soil is readily available locally.
2. Coco peat: This is a planting medium made from coconut husk. The coco-peat can hold large quantities of water, just like a sponge. It is used as an essential ingredient of potting mixture, also as a soil-less substrate for plant cultivation. Ready to mix coco soil is fibrous, moist, light weight, & brown in color.
3. Vermicompost: This is a popular organic manure derived from processing of organic waste by using earthworms. Vermicompost contains water-soluble nutrients; it is an excellent nutrient-rich complete organic fertilizer and soil conditioner. It has dark brown color, uniform moist texture & no foul odor.
Universal pot mixture: One part Garden soil, one part coco-peat & one part Vermicompost (1:1:1), all three are thoroughly mixed and added in the pot. Plants grown in universal pot mixture remain healthy, active & good looking for a longer period. You can either prepare this potting mix at home, or you can buy available ready to use pot-o-mix options.