Top 8 Summer Fruits in India

Kitchen Gardening
// May 31, 2017
summer fruits in india

India is rich in plant diversity. During summer, some of the best tropical fruits are available in India. Most of these fruits are formed on a naturally growing wild, native Indian trees in cities, villages, and forest. Many of these fruits are cultivated in farms, orchards and home gardens. 

Let’s have a look at top fruits that are hallmark of Indian summers:

1. Mango (Mangifera indica):

Indian summers are incomplete without mango. It is undoubtedly the king of fruits in the Indian subcontinent. There are dozens of varieties grown all over India. There are well planned commercial mango orchards with amazing, authentic varieties. Mango grows wild in Indian conditions providing lip-smacking flavours. Mango season starts in summer and continues till the middle of the monsoon. Dwarf grafted mango plants are also grown in containers in terrace gardening.

Read more about growing mango tree in India.

mango fruit

2. Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus):

Widely cultivated and popular in the Indian subcontinent, it is national fruit of Bangladesh. It is a giant fruit with a wonderful fruity smell and flavor that has a cult following in the people who have developed a taste for it. The raw fruit is eaten as a vegetable. The evergreen tree is huge and needs plenty of space to grow. Jackfruits are formed on the main trunk of a tree.

jackfruit

3. Jamun: (Syzygium cumini):

The black fruits have a combination of sweet, mildly sour and astringent flavour and tend to colour the tongue purple. It is an evergreen tree that grows wild in India. A slow growing species, it can reach heights of up to 30 m and can live more than 100 years. Its dense foliage provides shade and is also grown just for its ornamental value. When in fruiting stage a back-purple carpet is formed on the ground due to fallen fruits.

jamun fruit

4. Karaunda: (Carissa carandas):

The berry-sized fruits are formed on a prickly shrub. This flowering plant is suitable for fencing. The green raw fruits are pickled and black ripe fruits are a delicacy. The plant is grown from seed sown in monsoon. The fruit is a rich source of iron, so it sometimes used in the treatment of anaemia. It contains a fair amount of Vitamin C.

carissa carandas

5. Tadgola: (Borassus flabellifer):

These are fleshy, watery, sweet jelly seeds formed inside tough Palmyra palm fruits. Tadgola is translucent pale-white, similar to that of the lychee but with a milder flavor and no pit. This watery fruit is heavenly relief in Indian summers. This palm has a growth pattern, large size, and clean habits that make it an attractive ornamental tree, cultivated for planting in gardens and parks as landscape palm species.

palmyra fruit

6. Watermelon: (Citrullus lanatus):

These super popular fruits are massively grown in India during summer. The sweet varieties like sugar baby and sugar queen are more preferred. The plant is an annual creeper, and 2-3 fruits per plant are formed on the ground.

Click here to buy watermelon seeds online in India.

watermelon

You may want to read in detail  about growing watermelon.

7. Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba):

Popularly known as beer in India, these sour fruits are formed on a small thorny tree. These fruits are cultivated and eaten in India for thousands of years, and it is also mentioned in ancient Indian epics like Ramayana. The plant can be seen growing naturally in urban and rural regions. Culturally, Jujube has had immense popularity among school going children in India along with star gooseberry, Star apple and raw mango.

jujube fruit

8. Wax jambu (Syzygium samarangense):

These bell-shaped white, pink or red waxy fruits are formed on a medium-sized evergreen tree. The plant is a close relative of Jamun tree. The fruit is extremely watery; it has mild sweet flavour and cotton candy like mesh in the middle that holds the seeds. Many varieties can be cultivated in orchard and tree is a heavy fruit bearer.  

wax jambu

You may want to read more about developing a fruit tree orchard.
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