Top 8 Summer Vegetables in India

Kitchen Gardening
// April 26, 2017
crops grown in summer season

Summer is also a good season for vegetable gardening. Veggies that like to grow under full sunshine, enjoy long days & warm climate, thrive well in harsh Indian summer. The good thing about summer vegetables is that the same ones can be continued in monsoon season as well. Check if your garden is ready for summer.

Let’s have a look at top vegetables to grow in your kitchen garden this summer:

1. Tomato

A tomato plant with a bunch of red tomatoes on both sides of the main stem makes a lovely sight. Tomato plant loves the clear sky and plenty of sunshine. It can be started any time of the year by seeds.

  • Spacing: 45-60 cm between plants and 60-75 cm between rows
  • Seed requirement: 18 g seeds per 25
  • Harvesting: 80-100 days

summer vegetables to grow

2. Brinjal:

Also known as eggplant, it is a warm season crop susceptible to frost. It is said that consumption of brinjal in Summers safeguards children against measles. There are several varieties with different sizes, colors and shapes.

  • Spacing: 30-45 cm between plants and 60 cm between rows
  • Seed requirement: 2-5 g seeds per 10
  • Harvesting: 3-4 months

Brinjal - seasonal crops

3. Chilli:

Chilli as a spice is very popular in India. The most pungent varieties of chillies are grown in hot summer season. The non-pungent varieties are delicate and susceptible to diseases. The seedlings are transplanted.

  • Spacing: 30-45 cm apart
  • Seed requirement: 1 g per 10
  • Harvesting: 2- 2.5 months

crops grown in summer season - chilli

4. Pumpkin:

Pumpkins are cucurbit vegetables that grow very well during summer. The size of a pumpkin may vary from 5 kg to 40 kg. Because of the size of fruit, pumpkin climber is allowed to creep on the ground rather than on a trellis.

  • Spacing: Direct seed sowing in pits of 2 x 2 ft and 6 ft apart. 3 seeds are sown per pit
  • Seed requirement: 8 g per 10
  • Harvesting: After 3-4 months for 8-10 weeks

Planting pumpkin seeds in summer

5. Cucumber:

Cucumber can be grown throughout India in summers. Cucumbers are generally sown in round pits at convenient places to let them trail on the house roofs, pergolas or bowers. Seed is sown directly.

  • Spacing: 3 x 3 ft between plants and rows
  • Seed requirement: 5 g per 10
  • Harvesting: Plant starts giving fruits after 2-3 months for about 4-5 weeks

growing cucumbers in summer

6. Bottle gourd:

In India, a bottle gourd creeper trailing over thatched huts in villages with bright glistening white blossoms and tender, smooth, long, light green, cylindrical fruits is a catching sight.

  • Spacing: Direct seed sowing in pits 2 x 2 ft and 6 ft apart, 3 seeds in a pit
  • Seed requirement: 5 g for 10
  • Harvesting: After 2 months onwards for about 6 to 8 weeks

gourd vegetable

7. Lady’s finger:

Lady’s Finger or Okra as it is popularly called ushers the arrival of summer.  Tender forefinger-sized ones, stuffed with spices make a delicious vegetable. Seed sowing can be done from March to July.

  • Spacing: 2-3 ft between plants
  • Seed requirement: 15 g for 10
  • Harvesting: 60-75 days for 2-3 months

Read more about growing Lady’s Finger.

Okra vegetable

8. Amaranth:

A leafy vegetable cooked and consumed as spinach. There are many varieties with tender leaves, green or red in color. This hardy vegetable is easy to grow throughout the year including hot summers.

  • Spacing: Between Plants 20-25 cm and between rows 30 cm.
  • Seed requirement: 5 g for 1000
  • Harvesting: 30-45 days for 2-3 months.

amaranth leaves

Read more about Growing Amaranth.

Apart from these, you can also produce a satisfying yield of Gourds, Melons, Malabar Spinach, and Beans with our high-quality vegetable seeds

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